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Exercise-Induced Asthma

About the Disease

Exercised-induced asthma is a narrowing of the airways in the lungs that is triggered by strenuous exercise. It causes shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and other symptoms during or after exercise. The preferred term for this condition is exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (brong-koh-kun-STRIK-shun). This term is more accurate because the exercise induces narrowing of airways (bronchoconstriction) but is not the root cause of asthma. Among people with asthma, exercise is likely just one of several factors that can induce breathing difficulties. For most people with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, treatment with common asthma medications and preventive measures enable them to exercise and remain active.

Signs and symptoms of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction may begin during or a few minutes after exercise, and they may persist for 30 minutes or longer if left untreated. The signs and symptoms may include:

  • Coughing
  • Wheezing
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest tightness or pain
  • Fatigue during exercise
  • Poorer than expected athletic performance
  • Feeling out of shape even when you're in good physical shape
  • Avoidance of activity (a sign primarily among young children)

When to see a doctor?

See your doctor if you experience any signs or symptoms of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. Because a number of conditions can cause similar symptoms, it's important to get a prompt and accurate diagnosis. Get emergency medical treatment if you have worsening symptoms:

  • Shortness of breath or wheezing that is quickly getting worse
  • No improvement even after using a prescription inhaler for asthma attacks

Medical researchers are exploring several ideas regarding the cause of exercise-induced bronchoconstriction. There may be more than one biological process that can lead to the condition. Researchers do know that in people who experience exercise-induced bronchoconstriction, strenuous exercise sets in motion molecular events that result in inflammation and the production of mucus in the airways. Factors that may increase the risk of the condition or act as triggers include:

  • Cold air
  • Dry air
  • Air pollution
  • High pollen counts
  • Chlorine in swimming pools
  • Chemicals used with ice rink resurfacing equipment
  • Respiratory infections or other lung disease
  • Activities with extended periods of deep breathing, such as long-distance running, swimming or soccer

Exercise-induced bronchoconstriction that is not treated can result in:

  • A lack of beneficial exercise
  • Poor performance in activities you would otherwise enjoy
  • Serious or life-threatening breathing difficulties, particularly among people with poorly managed asthma

    Dr. Ajay Kumar

    Dr. Ajay Kumar

    Senior Consultant

    Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurgaon

    Dr. M S Kanwar

    Dr. M S Kanwar

    Consultant

    Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals, Sarita Vihar, New Delhi

    Dr.  Kailash Nath Gupta

    Dr. Kailash Nath Gupta

    Consultant, Pulmonology

    Paras Hospital, Gurgaon

    Dr. Neeraj  Gupta

    Dr. Neeraj Gupta

    Consultant, Pulmonology

    Paras Hospital, Gurgaon

    Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

    Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

    Consultant, Pulmonology

    Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi

    Dr. (Col) R S Chatterji

    Dr. (Col) R S Chatterji

    Consultant, Pulmonology & Respiratory Medicine

    Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi

    Dr. Vikas Mittal

    Dr. Vikas Mittal

    Consultant

    Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi

    Dr. Ashish Jain

    Dr. Ashish Jain

    Consultant

    Max Super Speciality Hospital, Saket, New Delhi

    Dr. Ashwin K Mani

    Dr. Ashwin K Mani

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Apollo First Med Hospitals, Kilpauk, Chennai

    Dr. Subhasish  Ghosh

    Dr. Subhasish Ghosh

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata

    Dr.  Tarun Bhatnagar

    Dr. Tarun Bhatnagar

    Consultant, Pulmonology and Respiratory Medicine

    Rockland Hospitals, Qutub Institutional Area, New Delhi

    Dr. Suresh  Ramasubban

    Dr. Suresh Ramasubban

    Consultant in Pulmonology and Critical Care

    Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata

    Dr. Vinod Kumar

    Dr. Vinod Kumar

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Apollo First Med Hospitals, Kilpauk, Chennai

    Dr. Dayanand K

    Dr. Dayanand K

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Apollo Hospitals, Secunderabad, Telangana

    Dr. Rajkumar Kulasekaran

    Dr. Rajkumar Kulasekaran

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Perungudi, OMR

    Dr. Raja Amarnath

    Dr. Raja Amarnath

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Apollo Speciality Hospitals, Vanagaram, Chennai

    Dr. Ranjan Das

    Dr. Ranjan Das

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Calcutta Medical Research Institute, Kolkata

    Dr. Pawan Agarwal

    Dr. Pawan Agarwal

    Pulmonologist - Pulmonology

    B M Birla Heart Research Centre, Kolkata

    Dr. Harnish Vohra

    Dr. Harnish Vohra

    Consultant - Pulmonology and Critical Care

    Columbia Asia Hospital, Ghaziabad

    Dr. Hirennappa B Udnur

    Dr. Hirennappa B Udnur

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Columbia Asia Hospital, Hebbal, Bangalore

    Dr. Mohammed Attaullah Khan S

    Dr. Mohammed Attaullah Khan S

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Columbia Asia Hospital, Hebbal, Bangalore

    Dr. Tanvir Reza

    Dr. Tanvir Reza

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Columbia Asia Hospital, Salt Lake City, Kolkata

    Dr. Dhrubajyoti Roy

    Dr. Dhrubajyoti Roy

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Columbia Asia Hospital, Salt Lake City, Kolkata

    Dr. Saibal Moitra

    Dr. Saibal Moitra

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Charnock Hospital, Kolkata

    Dr. Shivaraj A L

    Dr. Shivaraj A L

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Columbia Asia Hospital, Whitefield, Bangalore

    Dr. Nalini N

    Dr. Nalini N

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology

    Continental Hospitals, Gachibowli, Hyderabad

    Dr. Vishwanath Gella

    Dr. Vishwanath Gella

    Consultant - Clinical & Interventional Pulmonology

    Continental Hospitals, Gachibowli, Hyderabad

    Dr. Vivek Nangia

    Dr. Vivek Nangia

    Director And Head - Pulmonology

    Fortis Flt Lt Rajan Dhall Hospital, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi

    Dr. (Col) R S Chatterji

    Dr. (Col) R S Chatterji

    Consultant - Pulmonology & Respiratory Medicine

    Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi

    Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

    Dr. Anil Kumar Singh

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, Okhla Road, New Delhi

    Dr. Prashant Chhajed

    Dr. Prashant Chhajed

    Consultant - Chest Medicine & Pulmonology

    Fortis Hiranandani Hospital, Vashi, Mumbai

    Dr. Vivek Anand Padegal

    Dr. Vivek Anand Padegal

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Fortis Hospital, Bannerghatta Road, Bangalore

    Dr. Mrinal Sircar

    Dr. Mrinal Sircar

    Director - Pulmonology - Sleep medicine & Critical Care

    Fortis Hospital, Noida

    Dr. (Brig) Ashok Rajput

    Dr. (Brig) Ashok Rajput

    Director - Pulmonology

    Fortis Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

    Dr. Prasanna Kumar Thomas

    Dr. Prasanna Kumar Thomas

    Pulmonologist - Pulmonology

    Fortis Malar Hospital, Adyar, Chennai

    Dr. K Vijayasaratha

    Dr. K Vijayasaratha

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology.

    Fortis Malar Hospital, Adyar, Chennai

    Dr. K Rajkumar

    Dr. K Rajkumar

    Consultant - Pulmonology.

    Fortis Malar Hospital, Adyar, Chennai

    Dr. K Vijil Rahula

    Dr. K Vijil Rahula

    Consultant - Critical Care and Pulmonology

    Global Hospital, Chennai

    Dr. Samiuddin .

    Dr. Samiuddin .

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Global Hospitals, Lakdi-ka-pul

    Dr. N Ravinder

    Dr. N Ravinder

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Global Hospitals, Lakdi-ka-pul

    Dr. Sudhir Prasad

    Dr. Sudhir Prasad

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology

    Global Hospitals, Lakdi-ka-pul

    Dr. Ravindra Nallagonda

    Dr. Ravindra Nallagonda

    Consultant - Interventional Pulmonology - Critical Care & Sleep Medicine

    Global Hospitals, L B Nagar, Hyderabad

    Dr. Navneet Sood

    Dr. Navneet Sood

    Associate Consultant - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Iqbal Hassan

    Dr. Iqbal Hassan

    Associate Consultant - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Gyanendra Agarwal

    Dr. Gyanendra Agarwal

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Amrit Kumar Goel

    Dr. Amrit Kumar Goel

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Lakshman Ramachandran

    Dr. Lakshman Ramachandran

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Vishakh Verma

    Dr. Vishakh Verma

    Associate Consultant - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Veerottam Tomar

    Dr. Veerottam Tomar

    Additional Director - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. Pankaj Lohia

    Dr. Pankaj Lohia

    Additional Director - Pulmonology

    Jaypee Hospital, Gautam Buddh Nagar, Noida

    Dr. E Ravindra Reddy

    Dr. E Ravindra Reddy

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Kamineni Hospital, LB Nagar, Hyderabad

    Dr. V Venkat Ram Narsimha Reddy

    Dr. V Venkat Ram Narsimha Reddy

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Kamineni Hospital, LB Nagar, Hyderabad

    Dr. Hemant Kalra

    Dr. Hemant Kalra

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology

    Max Hospital, Pitampura, New Delhi

    Dr. Animesh Arya

    Dr. Animesh Arya

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology

    Max Hospital, Pitampura, New Delhi

    Dr. K K Pandey

    Dr. K K Pandey

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Max Super Speciality Hospital (Pushpanjali Crosslay), Vaishali, Ghaziabad

    Dr. Vipul Mishra

    Dr. Vipul Mishra

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology

    Max Super Speciality Hospital (Pushpanjali Crosslay), Vaishali, Ghaziabad

    Dr. Inder Mohan Chugh

    Dr. Inder Mohan Chugh

    Senior Consultant & Coordinator - Pulmonology

    Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

    Dr. Nikhil Malhotra

    Dr. Nikhil Malhotra

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

    Dr. Anant Gupta

    Dr. Anant Gupta

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Max Super Speciality Hospital, Shalimar Bagh, New Delhi

    Dr. Aratrika Das

    Dr. Aratrika Das

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Rabindranath Tagore International Institute of Cardiac Sciences, E M Bypass Mukundapur

    Dr. Satish Gupta

    Dr. Satish Gupta

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Narayana Superspeciality Hospital, Andul Road, Howrah, Kolkata

    Dr. Monimoy Ghosh

    Dr. Monimoy Ghosh

    Consultant - Chest Medicine (Pulmonology) & Asthma Clinic

    Ruby General Hospital, Kolkata

    Dr. Pankaj Sayal

    Dr. Pankaj Sayal

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Pushpawati Singhania Research Institute (PSRI), New Delhi

    Dr. Prashant Saxena

    Dr. Prashant Saxena

    Senior Consultant - Institute Of Pulmonology - Critical Care & Sleep Medicine

    Saket City Hospital, New Delhi

    Dr. Sangitta Checker

    Dr. Sangitta Checker

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Wockhardt Hospital, North Mumbai

    Dr. Jignesh Patel

    Dr. Jignesh Patel

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Wockhardt Hospital, North Mumbai

    Dr. D Ragotham Reddy

    Dr. D Ragotham Reddy

    Consultant - Pulmonology

    Yashoda Hospitals, Somajiguda, Hyderabad

    Dr. P Navanith Sagar Reddy

    Dr. P Navanith Sagar Reddy

    Senior Consultant - Pulmonology

    Yashoda Hospitals, Somajiguda, Hyderabad

    Dr. V Nagarjuna Maturu

    Dr. V Nagarjuna Maturu

    Consultant - Pulmonology and Sleep Medicine

    Yashoda Hospitals, Somajiguda, Hyderabad

    Dr. Ajit Vigg

    Dr. Ajit Vigg

    Consultant, Pulmonology

    Apollo Cradle For Women & Children, Jubilee Hills

    Dr. Rama Krishna Reddy

    Dr. Rama Krishna Reddy

    Consultant, Pulmonology

    Apollo Cradle For Women & Children, Jubilee Hills

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