About the Treatment
Brachytherapy or internal radiation is a type of radiation therapy used to treat cancer by placing radioactive material inside the body. Brachytherapy helps the doctors to deliver higher doses of radiation to more-specific areas of the body. It reduces the treatment time and has fewer side effects as compared to external beam radiation.
Brachytherapy can be used along with external beam radiation or after surgery to destroy any remaining cancer cells.
- Bile duct cancer
- Brain cancer
- Breast cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Endometrial cancer
- Esophageal cancer
- Eye cancer
- Head and neck cancers
- Lung cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Prostate cancer
- Rectal cancer
- Skin cancer
- Soft tissue cancers
- Vaginal cancer
- Patient's medical history is evaluated by the physician
- Any allergies should be informed.
- Procedures such as X-rays or computerized tomography (CT) may be performed
- If the patient is pregnant or currently breastfeeding, the doctor must be informed.
- The medical team carefully plans the treatment using the scan images.
- Radioactive material is inserted close to cancer into your body based on which it can be intracavity brachytherapy & interstitial brachytherapy.
- During intracavity brachytherapy, a tube or cylinder containing radioactive material is placed in a body opening, like windpipe or the vagina.
- During interstitial brachytherapy, wires, balloons and tiny seeds the size of grains of rice containing radioactive material are placed within body tissue like within the breast or prostate.
- CT scans or ultrasound is used to ensure that the device is placed correctly.
- Radiation can be given either in a brief treatment session, as with high-dose-rate brachytherapy, or in extended sessions, as with low-dose-rate brachytherapy. In some cases like prostate cancer, the radiation source is placed in your body permanently.
- After an appropriate timing, the radioactive material is removed from the body.
- The doctor may recommend some follow-up examinations to determine the condition.
- Body will emit small doses of radiation from the treated area in case of permanent brachytherapy
- Limit the length and frequency of any visits involving pregnant women or children.
- Patients can resume normal daily activities within days or weeks of brachytherapy.
- Tenderness and swelling in the treatment area
- Long-term side effects of radiation treatment
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