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Cervical Cancer Surgery

    About the Treatment

    The surgery carried out to remove cancer from a women’s cervical completely depends on the site of cancer, the level of cancer and the desire to be able to have children. The patient might also have to undergo radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or a cluster of the two (chemoradiation). These therapies are usually given before or after the surgery to make an attempt to eliminate any cancer cell that may have remained post surgery or to help control or shrink the tumor before the surgery.

  • Quit smoking before surgery
  • Pre - operative blood test, X-ray, MRI and other relevant tests will be done.
  • Anesthesia clearance will be taken.
  • Fasting a night before the surgery
  • Depending on the stage of cervical cancer doctor will discuss the type of surgery required.

Depending on the stage of cancer and type of surgery anesthesia may or may not be given.
Cryosurgery (Stage 0 Cervical Cancer)
Liquid nitrogen-metal probe is used to freeze the abnormal cells. It is done as an Outdoor procedure.

Laser surgery (Stage 0 Cervical Cancer)
Local anesthesia is provided at the site where the procedure will be carried out. A Laser beam is used to burn cancer cells and removes the tissue. It is done as an outdoor procedure.

Conization (Stage IA1 Cervical Cancer)
The tissue of cervix having abnormal cancer cells is removed using a surgical or laser knife or with the help of a thin wire heated electrically (the loop electrosurgical, LEEP or LEETZ procedure). This procedure may also be used as a diagnostic procedure. On the basis of the biopsy report, further line of treatment is decided.

Hysterectomy (Stage IA1 Cervical Cancers)
This procedure is also performed for stage 0 cancers, in case the cancer cells are found on the edges of the cone biopsy.

Radical Hysterectomy
In young women, the general treatments for stages IA2, IB, and less commonly occurring IIA cervical cancer are the radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymph node dissection.

Radical Trachelectomy
For stage IA2 and stage IB cervical cancer radical trachelectomy is done. In this procedure, women do not lose the ability to bear children. However, this process involves the removal of the cervix and the upper segment of the vagina which does not include the body of the uterus. The surgeon places a "purse-string" stitch, which inside the uterine cavity, acts as an artificial opening of the cervix. Though, an increased risk of miscarriage is there after this type of procedure.

Pelvic Exenteration
This procedure is a more extensive surgical process that is followed to examine recurrent cervical cancer. This surgery involves the removal of all the same organs and tissues just like in a radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection. Also, the bladder, vagina, rectum, and part of the colon may also be removed, depending on where cancer has spread. Reconstruction of the necessary organs removed is done.

  • Cryosurgery
  • Watery discharge for few weeks.
  • Conization

Post procedure, the removed tissue is examined. If the margins contain cancer (Positive cancer), further treatment is suggested.
All other surgeries

  • Stay in the hospital will be according to the procedure done. Approximately five days up to 2 weeks depending on the type of surgery done.
  • Care of dressing and drain lines should be done.
  • Sexual Impact: No impact except in pelvic exenteration where a woman may take up to 6 months to adjust themselves.

  • Cryosurgery, Laser Surgery, Conization
  • Cramping for first few hours
  • Vaginal discharge for about a week.

Other Major Surgeries

  • Blood clots
  • Bleeding
  • Pneumonia
  • Gas pains
  • Pain and discomfort
  • Urine retention
  • Early menopause symptoms like hot flashes, vaginal dryness, night sweats, etc.
  • Narrowing of vagina
  • Lymphoedema
  • Kidney failure
  • Fistula

Relihealth offers comprehensive care to cancer patients, which includes early detection of cancers, cancer screening, providing multi-disciplinary treatment and much more. We are backed by a team of best oncologists and highly qualified expert surgeons for treating lung cancer, brain cancer, prostate cancer etc. These professionals offer round the clock services and high-end treatment for various types of cancer and tumour at an economical cost. Facilitating value for money and reliable cancer treatment services as a healthcare partner makes us the preferred choice in India among other service providers.

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