- Induction Chemotherapy: only one drug is used to cure cancer.
- Combination Chemotherapy: Combination of drugs is used to cure cancer. All drugs have a different mode of action and different target areas.
- Neoadjuvant chemotherapy: when the cancer is in one part of the body and part can be removed by surgery e.g. breast cancer. Before the surgery this chemotherapy is given to shrink the cancer.
- Adjuvant chemotherapy: it is given after the local treatment e.g. surgery to kill the cancer cells which has spread to the other parts or to check reoccurrence.
- Maintenance chemotherapy: it is given to prolong the re-occurrence of the cancer.
- Palliative chemotherapy: It is given to control the effects of cancer on the body, to increase the life expectancy.
- Combined modality chemotherapy: Chemotherapy given with other types of cancer treatment such as radiotherapy, surgery etc.
- Bone marrow diseases
- Immune system disorders like rheumatoid arthritis and lupus.
About the Treatment
Chemotherapy is a treatment procedure that involves the use of drugs that possess powerful chemicals to kill fast-growing cells especially cancer cells which divide at a
faster rate than normal cells in the body. Chemotherapy drugs stop these cells to grow by altering their morphology. Thus stopping or slowing down their growth. In turn curing or controlling cancer. While stopping these faster-growing cells, these drugs also act on the normally faster-growing cells of the body e.g. bone marrow cells, intestine lining, etc. which becomes the side effects of these drugs.
Types of Chemotherapy