Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy is done under general anaesthesia and may take up to 2-4 hours. The surgeon makes an incision at the back of the patient's body and inserts a tube into the kidney. Very large stones are broken into smaller pieces before being drained from the kidney via the tube. X-ray imaging is used to determine the location and size of the stone.
Specialized healthcare provisions and experienced doctors, minimize the risks and complications associated with the procedure. However, a patient should be aware of all possible risks and complications, before undergoing the procedure:
- Adverse reaction to anaesthesia during the procedure.
- Post procedure infections, septicaemia.
- Adverse effects on the functioning of the kidney
- Post-procedure bleeding.
- Small remnants of the stone blocking the flow of urine.