Surgery for Thyroid Cancer

    About the Treatment

    In most of the general cases, surgery is the main treatment solution for thyroid cancer, except in the case of some anaplastic thyroid cancers. If thyroid cancer is treated using a fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, it is recommended to surgically remove the tumor and all or part of the remaining thyroid gland.

  • Thyroid ultrasound
  • Fine-needle aspiration
  • CT imaging of the neck
  • Vocal cord function evaluation
  • Calcium level
  • CT imaging of the neck
  • The surgeon makes an incision in the neck to remove the thyroid gland. This process is highly prevalent in a surgery for thyroid cancer. In case the entire thyroid gland is removed, the process is termed as a total thyroidectomy. In the case of nearly almost all the glands being removed, the process is termed as near-total thyroidectomy. Further, in the case, if most of the glands are being removed, the process is termed as a subtotal thyroidectomy.

  • PTH 6 hours after surgery
  • Wound care
  • A scar of stitch lines across the neck which may diminish with time.
  • Daily thyroid hormone replacement pills need to be taken for life long if near-total or total thyroidectomy is done.
  • Hoarseness of voice which may be temporary or permanent
  • Damage to parathyroid gland
  • Blood clots in neck
  • Bleeding
  • Wound infection
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Injury to laryngeal nerve
  • Thyrotoxic storm
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