About the Treatment
The valve replacement is a procedure carried out to replace the heart valves when they start malfunctioning and interrupt the smooth flow of blood. Blood flowing between chambers of a person’s heart is regulated by a heart valve and even the blood flowing from the heart to the large arteries is passed through a heart valve. The valves open to process the flow of blood and then close to prevent it flowing in a backward direction. The valves are of four types termed as the Aortic Valve, Mitral Valve, Tricuspid Valve and Pulmonic Valve. Among these four, the aortic valve is commonly replaced because it cannot be repaired whereas the mitral valve is the most common when it comes to repairing of a valve. Only in rare cases, repair or replacement of the tricuspid and the pulmonic valve is done.
The valve replacement or repair takes place in case of regurgitation, where the valve does not close completely and allows the blood to flow backwards. And also in the case of stenosis, where a valve does not fully open and limits the forward circulation of the blood.